Attention Deficits/Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD. Find the best Special Educator/Remedial Therapist in Mumbai.
Children being unable to sit still, constantly being on the move is something that is very common. Are these enough to diagnose ADHD? How does one understand when it is cause for concern? Like all other mental disorders, mental health professionals use diagnostic criteria to determine whether or not a child has ADHD. The disorder has two main components- Attention-Deficit and Hyperactivity.
It is difficult to get most children to sit still. They want to be doing something, always be entertained. When do we say that a child is attentive? When they are aware of the things happening around them and are alert of changes happening outside of themselves. Children with ADHD lack this attention. They may not hear when spoken to, so having a conversation with them may become quite the task. One may have to repeat what they have said because the child zoned out. Of course, zoning out is something that happens to most people. How often it happens determines its severity. Inattention to the level of causing difficulties with daily life is a cause for concern. A child with ADHD may have difficulties in school owing to their inattention. They may not score well in tests and exams because they misread a question or missed the entire flip side of a question paper. Making careless mistakes and not noticing the details may be commonplace. Even if attention is given, sustaining it would be a task for those with ADHD. So, they may find themselves getting bored very quickly and become easily distracted by things happening around them. They may also be unable to plan and manage their time, so reaching school on time, completing their projects and allotting time to work and play may become difficult. These problems may interfere with their school performance as well, scoring less and missing deadlines.
A child is usually full of energy and wants to move around, explore things. Depending on their personality, they may be interested in talking to others or quietly looking around. However, a child with ADHD is usually described as “driven by a motor”. This is known as ‘hyperactivity’. Children with ADHD find it difficult to sit in one place and may be seen fidgeting with their legs or biting their nails. Even if they manage to remain put, it stresses them out. They are likely to be reprimanded in school and at home for such behaviours, seen as disruptive in class and referred to as “chatterboxes”. Since they find it hard to remain quiet, they may tend to disturb others while they are working and even move around during a class at school. In conversation, those with hyperactive behaviours may not allow others to finish, interrupting and answering before the other person is done speaking. They have a lot of energy that is usually channelled through running around and being impatient. They find it difficult to await their turns in queues or at play.
ADHD, as a disorder, tends to directly or indirectly impact many areas of a child’s life. At school, they may underperform, be unable to complete their homework and projects, be shouted at by teachers, be punished often, or even get rejected from schools, having to attend special schools. In their social life, they may find it difficult to make friends, be teased, and have very few friends. ADHD also impacts a child’s view about themselves, viewing themselves negatively, as unfavourable or incapable. They may also find it difficult to relax and may also get tired of hobbies and new interests very quickly, jumping from one activity to another, affecting their playtime as well. They may begin to fear failure and become sensitive to criticism. Although ADHD is manageable, it is a condition that may persist well into adulthood, causing a different set of impairments as the child grows older. If managed on time, the condition may be much better dealt with by the child, ensuring a more stable future.
Management of ADHD may include psychopharmacological treatment wherein the child is given medication upon consultation with a psychiatrist. Another aspect of treatment is behaviour therapy. Children and parents are both involved in the therapy process. The parent is trained in using behaviour management with their child, which included monitoring of the child’s behaviour as well as some reward-based strategies to manage that behaviour. Certain reinforcers are decided upon that would motivate the child to perform more adaptive behaviours, leading to better adjustment in their lives. Management strategies may involve creating a routine and structure for the child, usage of goals and plans, management of distractions, etc. The parents is an integral part of therapy when it comes to dealing with young children as they are the ones that spend the most time with the child. With continuous, consistent efforts, a condition like ADHD can be managed effectively.
Crucial aspects of child psychology. Find a child psychiatrist or child psychologist near you.
Most common child psychology disorders. Find the best child therapist or
child psychologist near you.
If you think your child could be suffering from ADHD, you can speak to a child therapist. Mpower, a mental health initiative by Aditya Birla Education Trust, has an experienced team of psychologist, psychiatrist, child therapist, and various other counsellors available at various locations like Mumbai, Kolkata and Bangalore. Also, mental health centre is opening up soon in Pune.
You can reach out to these counsellors from 10 am to 6:30 pm at the below centres,
MPOWER- THE CENTRE (MUMBAI)
+91 22 23828133
+91 22 23856228
MPOWER- THE CENTRE (BENGALURU)
2nd Floor, 2983, 12th Main,
Indira Nagar, HAL, 2nd stage,
Bengaluru - 560 008.
+91 80 25209712
MPOWER - THE CENTRE (KOLKATA)
Unit N210A-211, 2nd Floor,
North Block, Ideal Plaza,
11/1, Sarat Bose Road
MPOWER - THE FOUNDATION (MUMBAI)
22B, vasantrao N Naik Marg,
Opp. Bhatia Hospital, Tardeo,
Mumbai - 400 007.
+91 22 2386 8650
+91 22 2387 5147
+91 81087 99299