Best Ways to Communicate with an Autistic Child. Find the best child therapist in Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolkata.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant challenges in the socio-emotional and behavioural spheres. The term “spectrum” refers to a range of skills and levels of impairment that people with ASD could have. A spectrum indicates that autism is not of one type, but consists of many different presentations. Each child with ASD is unique, but certain common factors shape the way others interact with the child.
Children with autism tend to be focussed on their inner world, often not giving heed to their surroundings and social interactions. This causes significant disruptions in their social development. They may have an impairment in what is known as “theory of mind”, due to which they lack the ability to read others’ emotions and place themselves in others’ situations. Intricacies of social communication may be lost out due to this as they may unable to gauge sarcasm, humour or may not understand discrepancies in others words and actions. They may also have difficulty understanding different viewpoints.
When dealing with a child who may have difficulties understanding social cues, responding to and recognizing others’ emotions, communicating with them becomes central. It may be challenging, but is necessary to form relationships with them. When interacting with those with Autism, some things are imperative to be considered that they may have:
Interacting with a child on the spectrum requires being mindful of certain aspects for effective communication. Here are certain essential skills to use in such contexts:
Being a parent/caretaker to a child with ASD comes with its challenges. One may need to seek guidance from multiple sources to understand how to deal with them in an efficient way. ASD needs to be effectively managed with the help of several professionals, but parents, teachers and others need to be made aware of how to deal with a child having autism. These professionals may include psychiatrists, paediatric neurologists, child psychologists, behaviour analysist, speech therapists, special educators, occupational therapist, social workers. These professionals may work together to help the child manage their daily lives and overcome any neurological, socio-emotional, cognitive or behavioural obstacles that they may be facing.
Those with ASD may be isolated, bullied or mocked often by their peers due to a lack of understanding about the disorder. The child’s inability to effectively communicate may cause further problems in the same. Hence, it is better that the child finds a safe space in those who take the efforts to communicate with them. The more people who are made aware of these issues, the more inclusive the society becomes, for neurotypical and neurodivergent people alike.
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